Апартаменты Apartment near Peter and Paul Fortress, Санкт-Петербург. Бронирование, отзывы, фото

Peter-and-Paul Cathedral

«The construction of the cathedral consecrated in the names of Apostles Peter and Paul was supervised by an outstanding Swiss Italian architect Domenico Trezzini, the founder of the so-called “Petersburg style”. Assimilating traditions of Russian architecture Domenico Trezzini put up a number of magnificent buildings in Saint-Petersburg, but indubitably his unrivalled gem is the Peter and Paul Cathedral located in the very heart of the Peter and Paul Fortress. Being the city’s highest architectural structure (122,5 m.), the Cathedral is accomplished in early baroque style. Its golden spire crowned with a weathervane shaped like an angel became the symbol of Russia’s security on the banks of the Neva River and at the same time, it is an inseparable symbol of a modern city, the new Russian capital.

The interior of the cathedral is very much different from the one you can see in the Russian churches of the 14th-16th centuries. It resembles more a spacious gala hall flooded with light due to the large windows, which alongside with pink and green Corinthian columns, refined gilding, artificial marble pillars and pilasters are a far cry from the traditional Russian Orthodox church. Even the iconostasis that is the most sacred place in the church was considerably altered and designed as a three-spanned twenty meters high triumphal arch thus commemorating Russian victory over Sweden in the course of the Northern war (1700-1721). This masterpiece of gilded woodcarving was accomplished by Ivan Zarudny up to the design of Domenico Trezzini and executed in the 1720s by 46 Moscow craftsmen. A group of Moscow artists painted 43 icons of the iconstand. Most of canvases depict biblical kings and patron saints of the imperial family. An interesting detail is that the attires of Christ and Our Lady resemble the attires of Russian Tsars and Tsarinas which is indicative of divine origin of the tsar’s power – the tsar was meant to be Christ’s ambassador on the Earth.

It’s also worth mentioning that Peter-and-Paul Cathedral is the only Russian cathedral with pulpit, which is an attribute of a Catholic church. All these details reflect Peter the Great’s idea that Saint-Petersburg was conceived to be a true European city.

Peter-and-Paul cathedral ranks highly among St. Petersburg churches not only as the principal cathedral of the city but also as the burial place of the Romanov’s imperial family. After Peter»s death in 1725, for a period of two centuries all Russian emperors and empresses starting from Peter I to Alexander III and members of their families were entombed in the cathedral. The first to be buried in the Church of the Apostles Peter and Paul (this wooden church was demolished when construction of the stone cathedral began) was Catherine, Peter I»s daughter who died in 1708 at the age of eighteen months. The only tsars, who were not buried here, are Peter II, Ivan VI. In the first half of the eighteenth century tombstones over the graves were made of white alabaster. In the 1770s, when the cathedral was reconstructed it was decided to replaced them with white Carrara marble ones, except for the tombs of Alexander II and his wife Maria Alexandrova, which are made of two semi-precious stones: jasper and rhodonite, thus commemorating the Tsar-Liberator for abolishing serfdom in 1862.

After the revolution of 1917, the whole family of Nicolas II was at first kept in the Alexander Palace under home arrest and then taken to Siberia where all of them were murdered. It happened so that in the 1970s the remains of the imperial family (except Alexei and Maria) were found and after the positive results of DNA test in 1998 a controversial decision was taken to rebury the remains of the last Russian Tsar, his wife and children , and the servants in a chapel of Saint Catherine. At first they were canonized as saints abroad but it was not accepted by Russian orthodox church and only recently Russian orthodox church canonized the whole family. Thus on the 17th of July religious service is held here in order to commemorate them.

Hotels of St. Petersburg – Herzen House Hotel

+7 (812) 315 55 50

Peter and Paul Fortress

Peter and Paul Fortress (1703-1740), architect D.Trezini.
Day off: Wednesday & last Tuesday of month
Distance from the hotel: 2,4 km
www.russianmuseums.info/M112

The most notable building and the most valuable architectural monument on the grounds of the Peter-and-Paul Fortress, founded by Peter the Great on Hare’s Island on May 27, 1703.St. Petersburg’s first church was founded on June 23 1712 and the official ceremony was marked by three shots of the guns of the Baltic Fleet ships. After its construction in 1720, and Peter the Great climbed to the top to listen to the chimes and cast a proud look down at his new capital; from that day on, a walk up to the bell tower to see the city panorama was compulsory for all foreign visitors. The bell tower features a haughty pointed golden spire – the symbol of Russia’s security on the Neva banks and at the same time the symbol of the modern city – which originally (as well as the church itself) was made of wood and had no lightning deflectors: being badly damaged by fire it caught in stormy weather on several occasions, the wooden framework was replaced with a metal one in 1858. Crowning the spire at the height of 122,5 meters is a weather-vane representing a flying angel with a cross in his hands. Looking tiny from below, the angel in fact is 3,2 meters high with a wing span of 3,8 meters. It’s a burial-vault of Russian Tsars.

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Hotel contact information

25, Bolshaya Morskaya str.
Saint-Petersburg, 190000, Russia
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+7 (812) 571-50-98
+7 (812) 314-64-06
+7 (812) 571-67-21

N 59°93.40, E 30°31.34

© Hotel Herzen House, 2020. Official website

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Local time:
13:14, 07.12.2020

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